Landor (1893), p.111
Along the coast were many Ainu huts inhabited by half-castes and by Japanese.
The Ainu were once very numerous in this district, but few of them are to be found now.
The few remaining ones have yielded to the more civilised Japanese, and have become their servants.
They are used as menials in most of the fishing stations, always acting under the directions of Japanese masters.
Very frequently they are employed as tenders of horses, and in some places as guides for traders and travellers from one station to another.
- Landor, A. H. Savage (1893) : Alone with the hairy Ainu : or, 3800 miles on a pack saddle in Yezo and a cruise to the Kurile islands
- London : John Murray. 1893.
- Project Gutenberg : http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/37873
- 北構保男訳『明治23年 A・H・サベージ・ランドーアひとり蝦夷地をゆく 釧路・根室・千島・北見の部』, 1978.